The sapphire, which has been described as the gem of kings, belongs to the group of mineral corundum and is the stone of the month of September.
What makes the sapphire so impressive is the color it can have. The blue color, which is the most characteristic color of sapphire, is due to the presence of iron and titanium, the pink color is due to the presence of chromium, while another color that you can find sapphire, is green. In terms of its hardness on the Mohs scale (mineral hardness scale), it gets a value of 9 (with a maximum scale value of 10), making it one of the most ideal gemstones for jewelry making.
Determining the value of a sapphire is mainly based on its color. The more intense the color, the more valuable and expensive it is, while generally sapphire was discovered as a gemstone in the early 19th century. The largest sapphire mines are located in Tanzania, Montana, USA and Thailand.
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Read more about sapphire and its characteristics here.